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This is a medium sized Passerine, with black ‘face’ and cap, thick short bill, black wings with white bar on greater coverts, and distinct white rump contrasting with the black tail. The males have pinkish-red underparts and grey back, while females have buff-brown underparts and back. Unmistakable either perched or in flight.
The Bullfinches usually place their nests in canopy at the remote branches.
They have 4-6 eggs, which are incubated by female during 12-14 days.
Both parents feed their nestlings during 14-16 days in the nest, and additional 15-20 days after fledging. Then the young birds become independent.
In Armenia Bullfinches inhabit deciduous forests, dominated by oak, beech, and hornbeam, avoiding degraded woodlands. In winter they usually move down to valleys.
There are 4,000 to 5,000 pairs of Bullfinch breeding in Armenia. Their population is not declining, but the species appears to be sensitive towards clear cuts and other degradation patterns in the forests. Is not included in Red Book of Armenia.
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