IMPORTANT BIRD AREAS
Important Bird and Biodiversity Area concept has been developed by BirdLife International more than 30 years ago.
Initially, IBAs were identified only for terrestrial and freshwater habitats, however in the past decade, the methodology of IBA recognition and the process have been adapted also for marine environment.
Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) are:
- Places of international significance for the conservation of birds and other biodiversity
- Recognized world-wide as practical tools for conservation
- Distinct areas amenable to practical conservation action
- Identified using robust, standardized criteria
- Sites that together form part of a wider integrated approach to the conservation and sustainable use of the natural environment
Armenia joined the process of identification of IBAs in 2000, and initial list of five national IBAs appeared in the publication: BirdLife International (2001) Important Bird Areas and potential Ramsar Sites in Europe. Later the list was expanded, and although now it makes 18 IBAs in the country, there is a need for re-inventory of the sites, taking current set of globally threatened species into consideration.