GUIDE TO BIRDS OF ARMENIA

Golden Eagle

Adult bird. Photo: P. Stepanek

This largest Eagle of Armenia is quite adaptable and can easily switch between different food items, such as hare, bezoar goat, fox, partridge, and other medium sized prey. This species is a very powerful hunter, which kills the prey with its strong toes and claws. In the same time, the Golden Eagles often feed on carrion. That is why it finds a breeding destination from lowlands up to sub-alpine area. It breeds on high cliffs, building its huge nests on the covered ledges to stay safe and secure of land predators. The only place which is not inhabited by Golden Eagle is the dense deciduous forest, where this long-winged raptor faces difficulty to fly between tree trunks. Golden Eagles are usually laying two eggs, but as a rule, the shortage of food causes survival only one – stronger nestling, which kills its peer.

Distribution in Armenia

Conservation status

While the number of Golden Eagles in Armenia is relatively low, they remain stable during last decade. Some poaching on the species exists and can potentially harm the population, which means that appropriate measures on increase of punishments and strengthening the control over poaching should be undertaken.

Features of this bird

Open areas with obligatory presence of cliffs, from semi-deserts at about 600 to subalpine areas at about 2.400 m a.s.l. Open areas with obligatory presence of cliffs, from semi-deserts at about 600 to subalpine areas at about 2.400 m a.s.l.

Songs & Calls

Learn more about this bird in Armenia

Habitat

Open areas with obligatory presence of cliffs, from semi-deserts at about 600 to subalpine areas at about 2.400 m a.s.l.

Food & Feeding

Prefers medium-sized mammals, mainly rodents, rabbits and hares; also, normally to lesser degree, birds, particularly game-birds, including large grouse; much less frequently lizards and snakes; also carrion, especially in winter.

Breeding

Laying starts in Feb until May. Nests on ledges of cliffs and crags. Normally 2 eggs (1–3), laid at interval of 3 days; incubation c. 41–45 days per egg, almost exclusively by female; hatching asynchronous; chicks have first and second downs white or whitish; younger chick often dies due to older sibling's attacks; fledging 65–80 days. Young can be dependent on adults and fed by them for some months, and sometimes tolerated in adults' home range until following season.

Would you like to explore this bird in nature.

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