GUIDE TO BIRDS OF ARMENIA

Eurasian Green Woodpecker

Adult male. Photo: P. Jonczyk

Latin name: Picus viridis

Latin name: Picus viridis

Family name: Woodpeckers 

Family name: Woodpeckers 

The Green Woodpecker is one of so-called ground woodpeckers, which predominantly feed at the floor searching for insects and their larvae, but moreover for ants larvae, which they obtain destroying the ant-hills. Its bright green plumage and laud melodious call make an impression of a tropical bird in our temperate forests. As the other woodpeckers the Green makes its nests inside the tree cavity, but unlike most of others, it doesn’t drum the trees to ‘sing’ for a female. Despite the distinct color and consistent calling, during the breeding season it is a very secretive bird, and it is not an easy task to see the Green Woodpecker in the dense woodland. 

The Green Woodpecker is one of so-called ground woodpeckers, which predominantly feed at the floor searching for insects and their larvae, but moreover for ants larvae, which they obtain destroying the ant-hills. Its bright green plumage and laud melodious call make an impression of a tropical bird in our temperate forests. As the other woodpeckers the Green makes its nests inside the tree cavity, but unlike most of others, it doesn’t drum the trees to ‘sing’ for a female. Despite the distinct color and consistent calling, during the breeding season it is a very secretive bird, and it is not an easy task to see the Green Woodpecker in the dense woodland.

Conservation status

It appears that the Green Woodpecker is quite sensitive towards habitat conditions and it doesn’t inhabit the degraded woodlands. Its number shows moderate decline which is linked to the active logging of the woodlands. A review of the forest management policy is an important measure to improve the habitat conditions and to prevent further decrease of the species. 

It appears that the Green Woodpecker is quite sensitive towards habitat conditions and it doesn’t inhabit the degraded woodlands. Its number shows moderate decline which is linked to the active logging of the woodlands. A review of the forest management policy is an important measure to improve the habitat conditions and to prevent further decrease of the species.

More specific information about this species

Habitat

Various deciduous forests with thick and tall trees from 800 to 2.300 m a.s.l.

 

Food & Feeding

Predominantly ants, chiefly meadow-dwelling species; generally, larger ant species preferred. Various other insects also taken, as well as earthworms and snails. Sometimes eats fruits, berries, rarely seeds. Forages mostly on ground and uses bill to sweep away moss, dead leaves, and other debris.

 

Breeding

Laying from early April to Jun, but calling commences much earlier from December. Male feeds female during courtship. Nest excavated in dead or soft living wood in unbroken trees. Clutch usually 5–8 eggs; both sexes incubate in 14–17 days. The chicks fed by regurgitation, by both parents, and fledge after 23–27 days.

 

Movements

The species is resident in the country although conducts vertical migrations from forest to lowlands.

 

Family

Woodpeckers

 

Source of information

The Handbook to the Birds of the World

The Birds of the Western Palearctic

More specific information about this species

Habitat

Various deciduous forests with thick and tall trees from 800 to 2.300 m a.s.l.

 

Food & Feeding

Predominantly ants, chiefly meadow-dwelling species; generally, larger ant species preferred. Various other insects also taken, as well as earthworms and snails. Sometimes eats fruits, berries, rarely seeds. Forages mostly on ground and uses bill to sweep away moss, dead leaves, and other debris.

 

Breeding

Laying from early April to Jun, but calling commences much earlier from December. Male feeds female during courtship. Nest excavated in dead or soft living wood in unbroken trees. Clutch usually 5–8 eggs; both sexes incubate in 14–17 days. The chicks fed by regurgitation, by both parents, and fledge after 23–27 days.

 

Movements

The species is resident in the country although conducts vertical migrations from forest to lowlands.

 

Family

Woodpeckers

 

Source of information

The Handbook to the Birds of the World

The Birds of the Western Palearctic

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