GUIDE TO BIRDS OF ARMENIA

Black-bellied Sandgrouse

Adult male. Photo: M. Pelánek

Latin name: Pterocles orientalis

Latin name: Pterocles orientalis

Family name: Sandgrouses 

Family name: Sandgrouses 

Black-bellied Sandgrouse is a bird of flat semi-deserts, which learned how to survive in the areas with extreme water scarcity. Making big flocks it flies to the watering places several times per day, and brings water to the incubating partner, as well as to chicks. In early spring it feeds on young grasses, and year round – on seeds, which is able to find even in winter. They start breeding in June, making a nest as a simple shallow depression on the ground. The incubating female is absolutely invisible thanks to her cryptic color. They feed the nestlings until August and often replace the lost clutch elongating breeding until September. 

Black-bellied Sandgrouse is a bird of flat semi-deserts, which learned how to survive in the areas with extreme water scarcity. Making big flocks it flies to the watering places several times per day, and brings water to the incubating partner, as well as to chicks. In early spring it feeds on young grasses, and year round – on seeds, which is able to find even in winter. They start breeding in June, making a nest as a simple shallow depression on the ground. The incubating female is absolutely invisible thanks to her cryptic color. They feed the nestlings until August and often replace the lost clutch elongating breeding until September.

Conservation status

The population of the Sandgrouse significantly shrunk due to transformation of flat semi-deserts for agricultural needs. Al current, poaching for meet and further occupation of the land keep causing a decline of its number. To protect the Sandgrouse there is a need of creation new protected area.

The population of the Sandgrouse significantly shrunk due to transformation of flat semi-deserts for agricultural needs. Al current, poaching for meet and further occupation of the land keep causing a decline of its number. To protect the Sandgrouse there is a need of creation new protected area.

More specific information about this species

Habitat

Semi-arid plains, with steppe to semi-desert vegetation, including pastoral scrubland and dry cereal cultivation with associated fallow ground, at elevation from 900 to 1.200 m a.s.l.

 

Food & Feeding

Consumes seeds, often small or very small, in agricultural areas, feeds on cereal grain and cultivated legumes. Drinks during morning after sunrise; in hot weather, some birds drink again before sunset.

 

Breeding

Laying in June, with replacement clutches until Sept. Nest is scrape or natural depression, usually unlined. Commonly 3 eggs, incubation 21–24 days, with male sitting before sunset to several hours after sunrise. Young fly at about one month, when 3/4 of adult size, fully grown at two months. No evidence of second broods.

 

Movements

The species is migratory having winter grounds scattered through Near and Middle East.

 

Family

Sandgrouses

 

Source of information

The Handbook to the Birds of the World

The Birds of the Western Palearctic

More specific information about this species

Habitat

Semi-arid plains, with steppe to semi-desert vegetation, including pastoral scrubland and dry cereal cultivation with associated fallow ground, at elevation from 900 to 1.200 m a.s.l.

 

Food & Feeding

Consumes seeds, often small or very small, in agricultural areas, feeds on cereal grain and cultivated legumes. Drinks during morning after sunrise; in hot weather, some birds drink again before sunset.

 

Breeding

Laying in June, with replacement clutches until Sept. Nest is scrape or natural depression, usually unlined. Commonly 3 eggs, incubation 21–24 days, with male sitting before sunset to several hours after sunrise. Young fly at about one month, when 3/4 of adult size, fully grown at two months. No evidence of second broods.

 

Movements

The species is migratory having winter grounds scattered through Near and Middle East.

 

Family

Sandgrouses

 

Source of information

The Handbook to the Birds of the World

The Birds of the Western Palearctic

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